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Palomar® Technologies is a leading supplier of automated microelectronic assembly machines and contract assembly services with specialization in precision die attach, wire bonding and vacuum reflow solutions. We are proudly an independent USA-based company, owned and operated by local management.

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Palomar® Technologies provides interconnect solutions for a wide variety of industries and applications. With 45+ years supporting the semiconductor and photonics industries, we have expanded across automotive (LiDAR & power modules), medical, microwave, RF/wireless, Datacom, telecom and a few niche markets.

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Palomar® Technologies Innovation Centers are full-service advanced packaging laboratories offering solutions for process development, package prototyping, die attach, wire bonding, vacuum reflow, outsourced package assembly, test, and measurement.

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Contact Palomar® Technologies for more information about our Total Process Solution including Palomar die bonders, Palomar wire and wedge bonders, SST vacuum reflow systems, along with Innovation Centers for outsourced manufacturing and assembly.

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PTI Blog

Capabilities for Gold Ball Bumping Die

Posted by Janine Powell on Tue, Sep 12, 2017 @ 01:13 PM

Gold ball bumping is primarily used to make interconnects for flip chip bonded die. This process involves placing a single bump (or stacked bumps) on each interconnect location on a die. Palomar Technologies’ standard process makes a bump where the top height is about 60% of the bump diameter. The bump shape could best be described as a flattened “Hershey Kiss”. This shape works very well for thermosonic flip chip attach processing. The smaller top diameter is about the diameter of the wire used and is much more easily deformed during the attach process than a flat “pancake” bump would be. This allows for looser top height variations than would be required for a flat bump.

ball bumps.jpg

The 8000i Wire Bonder can best perform the bumping operation on entire wafers or diced sections of wafers. Though the work area is greater than 150mm x 300mm (6”x12”), it can handle 200mm (8”) wafers, or even 300mm (12”) wafers by rotating the wafer halfway through the operation. Single die can also be bumped if they are large enough to be held well with vacuum (roughly 6mm x 6mm or larger). Smaller die could be fixtured for bumping, but the time required to load and unload small individual die drives the cost up dramatically (10-20 times the cost per die on a wafer format).

The 8000i can place bumps at a rate up to 12 bumps per second with a +/- 3 micron height and diameter variation. Bump sizes from 45 micron diameter (30 micron maximum top height) to 150 micron diameter (100 micron maximum top height) have been achieved in continuous production environments. Lower top height are also easily achieved (approximately 30% of bump diameter) for applications that require a thinner bump with a larger diameter.

stacked bump.jpg

Stacked bump can also increase the height to diameter ratio (150-200% height to diameter has been achieved in production).

Palomar Technologies Assembly Services can provide the bumping service for applications that require a single wafer to a few hundred wafers. This service can be quoted by submitting the bump requirements (bump height and diameter) as well as die/wafer information (number of bond pads per die, bond pad size and the wafer size and number of die per wafer. Contact Assembly Services to tell us about your organization's requirements.

Download these resources for more information:

Introduction to Automated Flip Chip Assembly eBook 8000i Wire Bonder FAQs eBook
Royce Instruments, flip chip, die sorting 8000i wire bonder
Assembly Services Data Sheet 8000i Wire Bonder Data Sheet
Assembly Services data sheet 8000i wire bonder, ball bumper, i2Gi

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David Rasmussen
Assembly Services General Manager
Palomar Technologies, Inc.